Becoming a self-determined individual involves learning about oneself, including one’s strengths and interests. It involves using this knowledge to make decisions and then communicating effectively to establish oneself as the primary agent in moving forward toward goal setting, attainment of those goals and greater independence. Students with complex communication needs (CCN) associated with severe speech and physical impairments (SSPI) express their individuality using multi-modal communication strategies and devices and assert their independence with the necessary assistive technology devices and supports in place.

Flowchart model with two items at the top: know yourself and your environment, and value yourself. These feed into three vertically stacked items: plan, act, and experience outcomes and learn
Self-Determination Model – Developed from “Development of a Model for Self Determination” by S. Field and A. Hoffman, 1994